Warning: The originals photos, texts, films, music, etc ... of the period previous to 1921 year -see the Act of the US Congress about it - have no copyright and belong to the public domain. However, those same pictures, I process this blog, when I restore and paint the pictures, then the right of modification is produced, ie that are protected by full copyright law, in this case mine. Of course there are many more laws in the world, declared in the public domain photographs (which is the topic at hand), in very later dates to the aforementioned (Example: WWII, Korea, etc ...) .

Tuesday, October 25, 2016

The New York National Guard in Canada. November 1917

"Whent the Yanks Invaded Canada"
November 1917


Extracto del artículo: „The A.E.F. of 1915“, aparecido en la revista „The American LEGION Monthly“, Vol. 15, No. 3, September 1933.

„The A.E.F. of 1915“
„The Company Clerk“

Excerpt from the article: “ The A.E.F of 1915 “, appeared on the magazine “ The American Legion Monthly “, Vol. 15, No. 3, September 1933.

A REPERCUSSION from one of the “first” claims presented in these columns almost two years ago—see your October, 1931, issue—came to us not long after that claim was broadcast, hut this is our first chance to permit the objector to raise his voice, legionnaire George W. Sutton, Jr., of 232 Madison Ave­nue, New York City, displays Exhibits A and B on this page, and is given the floor:

“In your reminiscent department under the title, ‘When the Yanks Invaded Canada’, the following appeared: Modestly, in the reunion booklet, the 363d Infantry Association states that the triumphal march of the Third Battalion in Calgary, June 23, 1918, is said to be the first time in history that American troops paraded on Canadian soil.“

“This statement is decidedly in error. As captain of Battery A, First Field Artillery N.Y.G., I took part in parades in Canada about eight months before the invasion of the 363d Infantry. We were accompanied by detachments of Federal forces.“

“In the fall of 1917, a British tank was sent over here commanded by Captain Richard Haig, with a crew of wounded British tank veterans, to assist in our Liberty Loan campaign. My battery was formerly the First Motor Battery, N. Y. N. G., which had been brigaded with the First Field Artillery of the New York Guard after the original First Field had gone to Camp Wadsworth, South Carolina, and been federalized as the 104th Field Artillery.“

“The First Motor Battery was a privately financed outfit in the National Guard, organized in May, 1916, with equipment of three armored cars, 72 Indian motorcycles with rifles in saddle boots on the handle-bars, and with a dozen or so of them equipped with machine guns carried on trailers.“

“When our country entered the war, the Army had no similar unit in its Tables of Organization, although the Motor Bat­tery had done valuable work in protecting the New York watershed and had taken part in Lord-knows-how-many parades. Although a regular part of the New York National Guard, we were left behind when the 27th Division went to camp.“

“While waiting for the Government to dispose of us, we were appointed as escorts to Captain Haig’s tank and paraded with it all over the place with our armored cars and motorcycles.“

“On November 5, 1917, we left New York City on a special train bearing the tank, three of our armored cars and a few motorcycles, as guest of the Canadian Government to accompany the tank in parades and festivities connected with Canada’s Victory Loan campaign. We arrived in Montreal on November 16th and apparently created a sensation.“

“Captain Haig, my first lieutenant and I were given the royal suite at the Windsor Hotel, entertained royally, and whenever we appeared on the street were surrounded by staring Canadians who evidently had never before seen American officers.“

“On November 18th, we were joined by Lieutenant Colonel J. C. Rhea who was in command of a detachment of the 305th Infantry from Camp Upton, with the band of the 304th Field Artillery, fully armed and equipped. Later in the day arrived a large detachment of Marines from Ouantico, under Command of Lieutenant Cordier, and a Uni­ted States Navy band. On the 19th, together with a flock of Canadian troops, civic groups and elaborate floats, we paraded for many miles through Montreal. Our reception was peculiar. In the French-Canadian sections of the city we received evidence of mingled enthusiasm and utmost hostility. In the British section, we met sedate but sincere cordiality.“

“That night we entrained for Toronto where we paraded seven miles in a pouring rain and were royally entertained by Sir John Eaton and other Canadians with luncheons, banquets and theater parties. All of the American troops entrained at Mont­real for New York City on November 21st. Then just before the train started, the door of the officers’ special Pullman opened and in walked a parade of Sir John Eaton’s servants bearing shoulders of venison, hams, baskets of fruit and innumerable cases and boxes of other goodies for the visiting officers.“

“As a result of our experience with the British tank, my whole battery went into the United States Tank Corps, just then forming, my lieutenant and I getting commissions. We served at Camp Colt, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, and in France with various degrees of eclat, elan and all that sort of thing.“

“Anyhow, the 363d Infantry was not the first American military outfit to visit Canada. Looks as if my outfit was the first of the breed the Canadians had ever seen. But Colonel Rhea and his men, as American Federal troops under arms, can certainly dispute the ‘modest claim’ of the 363d.“

“One of the endosed pictures shows the British tank and our armored cars arriving in Toronto, November 20, 1917, and the other is a photograph of our host, the late Sir John Eaton, and his sons, taken during the war.”


Also see:
Ver también:

Tuesday, November 1, 2011
New York National Guard Armored Cars in the Toronto Parade November 20 1917
[Défilé de véhicules blindés, Avenue University, Ville de Toronto, Nov 20 1917]


''Kurzemniesk'' Latvian Garford Armored Car, three-color camouflage 20s

Saturday, September 3, 2016

Mack Armored Car of the National Guard of New York, 1916

The US Mack Armored Car M1916 and the German Halftracks Sd.Kfz. 251 (1937-45) - Comparative

Similarity of design of the armored superstructure of the American Marck Armored Car M1916, belonging to the New York National Guard (NYNG), and the German Halftracks Sd.Kfz./251 (the first copies made in 1937).


Similitud del diseño de la superestructura blindada del Coche Blindado Marck M1916 norteamericano, perteneciente a la Guardia Nacional de Nueva York, y los semiorugas alemanes Sd.Kfz./251 (los primeros ejemplares fabricados en 1937).

Illustrations - Ilustraciones:

1916 US. Army- N.Y.N.G., Mack Armored Car (4x2). (Length = 5,99m). [Allgemeine Automobil-Zeitung, Juli 9, 1916].

1943 Germany Sdkfz 251 D (Last model) Halftrack. (Length = 5,58 m). [Blueprint of Hilary Louis Doyle, Copyright 2006].

Tuesday, August 30, 2016

Russian Imperial Army. Some Armored Cars 1914-1917

These three illustrations that I have just published, belong to preparatory works of my book realized in 2011. I have thought that you would like to know them, especially to the Russian friends of this blog.

Estas tres ilustraciones que acabo de publicar, pertenecen a trabajos preparatorios de mi libro realizados en 2011. He pensado que os gustaría conocerlos, especialmente a los amigos rusos de este blog.

Russian Russo-Balt light trucks 1914-1917

Russian Russo-Balt Models 1914-1917

Saturday, June 25, 2016

British Packard 3-ton lorry with a 13pdr 6-cwt Anti-Aircraft Gun. England 1915.

A British Packard 3-ton lorry with a 13-pdr 6-cwt Anti-Aircraft Gun on Mark I mounting. Belonging to the 11th A-A-A Section of the Royal Garrison Artillery. England, outskirts of London, 1915.

Un camión británico Packard de 3-ton., portando un cañón antiaéreo de 7´62-mm (13-pdr 6-cwt) sobre montaje Tipo I. Perteneciente a la 11ª Sección de Artillería Antiaérea de la "Real Artillería de Guarnición". Inglaterra, afueras de Londres, 1915.

Saturday, May 21, 2016

Mongolian Armored Cars. March 1921 (New Data)

Mongolian Armored Cars (New Data)

HQ of Mongolian People's Revolutionary Army. Near Altanbulag (Northern Mongolia), March 1921.

1 - Jeffery-Poplavko Armored Car
2 - Austin III Armored Car
3 - Austin III Armored Car
4 - Armstrong-Whitworth-Fiat Armored Car
5 - Fiat-Izhorsky Armored Car
6 - Armstrong-Whitworth-Fiat Armored Car

Thursday, May 19, 2016

An Auto-Mitrailleuse in ambush on the Meuse front.

French Renault Armored Cars M1915. Dunkirk, Northern France. Summer of 1915.

French Renault Armored Cars M1915 belonging to the 1st Group A-M-C of the Navy

Probably, these Renault Armored Cars M1915 belong to the 1st Group A-M-C of the Navy, as might be inferred from No. 3 observable in the rear of the last vehicle.
Dunkirk Region, Northern France, summer of 1915.


Probablemente, estos Coches Blindados Renault M1915 pertenezcan al 1º Grupo de A-M-C de la Marina, como podría deducirse del Nº 3 observable en la parte trasera del último vehículo.
Región de Dunkerque, Norte de Francia, verano de 1915.

A ''festive'' armored car. A dummy ''Panzerauto Austro-Daimler''. Rennes, France. Spring 1907.

Wednesday, May 18, 2016

German Daimler-Krupp 7.1-cm Anti Aircraft Gun Carrier M1910

Gepanzerter Daimler, Vierräderantrieb, 70 PS Mercedes-Motor, Abwehrgeschütz von Krupp.

Krupp Patent in England.
Published in the magazine "The Commercial Motor" on January 11, 1912.
An Automobile Gun Carriage- Krupp, A.G.—No. 21,770 of 1911
Krupp, A.G.—No. 21,770 of 1911, dated under International Convention 6th December, 1910.—In this specification there is described an automobile carrying a pivot gun, and the invention relates to the special arrangement of the platform for the gun and the connection of a securing device for the gun with a securing device for the platform. The pivot stand of the gun is rigidly connetted to the frame of the vehicle. A forked-shaped upper carriage is rotatably mounted in the pivot stand by means of ball hearings and a vertical pivot pin. The frame of the carriage also carries on ball bearings a platform for the gun which is provided with an armoured shield with suitable means of access to the platform. Ammunition compartments are situated on both sides of the gun. Mechanism is provided for securing the muzzle of the gun so that in ordinary travelling the strain is taken off the training and pointing gear. Various details are described and illustrated in the specification. A generalarrangement drawing is reproduced below.

French Auto-Canon De Dion-Bouton 75-mm Mle. 1910 (Prototype)

Tuesday, April 19, 2016

Squadriglia Automitragliatrici (Italian Armored Car Platoon) 1917

Squadriglia Automitragliatrici 
(Italian Armored Car Platoon) 
Probably Autumn 1917
Squadriglia Automitragliatrici [Circolare del 13 Luglio 1916 dell Comando Supremo]

Comando di Squadriglia:

1 x Ufficiali
20 x Truppa
2 x Biciclette [Bianchi]
1 x Motocicli [Bianchi]
3 x Autovetture [Lancia]

1ª Sezione Automitragliatrici (*)

2 x Ufficiali
16 x Truppa
1 x Biciclette [Bianchi]
3 x Autovetture [Lancia]
1 x Autocarri [Lancia 1Z]
2 x Automitragliatrici Lancia-Ansaldo 1Z M1915

2ª Sezione Automitragliatrici (*)

2 x Ufficiali
16 x Truppa
1 x Biciclette [Bianchi]
3 x Autovetture [Lancia]
1 x Autocarri [Lancia 1Z]
2 x Automitragliatrici Lancia-Ansaldo 1Z M1915

3ª Sezione Automitragliatrici (*)

2 x Ufficiali
16 x Truppa
1 x Biciclette [Bianchi]
3 x Autovetture [Lancia]
1 x Autocarri [Lancia 1Z]
2 x Automitragliatrici Lancia-Ansaldo 1Z M1915

Riserva di Squadriglia

1 x Ufficiali
5 x Truppa
1 x Autovetture [Lancia]
1 x Automitragliatrici Lancia-Ansaldo 1Z M1915 [La 1ª Squadriglia una Automitragliatrice Tipo Libia (probabilmente tipo Bianchi).

(*) La 1ª, 2ª e 3ª Squadriglia saranno formate su tre sezioni. La 4ª e la 5ª Squadriglia saranno formate su due sezioni.


Total Squadriglia Automitragliatrici de 3 Seziones:

7 x Ufficiali
73 x Truppa
5 x Biciclette [Bianchi]
1 x Motocicli [Bianchi]
13 x Autovetture [Lancia]
3 x Autocarri [Lancia 1Z]
7 x Automitragliatrici Lancia-Ansaldo 1Z M1915

Total Squadriglia Automitragliatrici de 2 Seziones: 

5 x Ufficiali
57 x Truppa
4 x Biciclette [Bianchi]
1 x Motocicli [Bianchi]
10 x Autovetture [Lancia]
2 x Autocarri [Lancia 1Z]
5 x Automitragliatrici Lancia-Ansaldo 1Z M1915

Mr. Allan Mahoney’s Car. Longreach, Queesland, Australia. Spring 1915

"Our Boys in Egypt"
Mr. Allan Mahoney’s Car (First prize)
Longreach is a town in Central West Queensland, Australia

Australian Dummy Armoured Car. Spring 1915

Mr. B. E. Edkins’s Armoured Motor Car
(Longreach is a town in Central West Queensland, Australia)

Sunday, April 17, 2016

Austin Armoured Car M1915 Indian Pattern, belongin to the 12 AMB.

Austin Armoured Car M1915 Indian Pattern, belongin to the 12 AMB*.
North West Frontier of India. Circa 1915-1916

*12th Armoured Motor Battery. Formed in Delhi and composed of three Armoured Cars M1915 Indian Pattern, armed with old Maxim machine guns.

This model Austin, has never before been identified as such. Other photographs, in which two types equal to the armored cars appear, together with three Fiat Armoured Cars (well known), gave me the key to identify / s. The three Fiat were assigned to the 12th Armoured Motor Battery (AMB), which already owned since its inception, three Austin Armoured Cars. Obviously both models were added in such training. In one of the photographs, a partial view of radiator confirmed that, its morphology, without any doubt, belonged to a Austin model.

Getting identify, the more than 30 different models of armored cars made in India during WWI, it is one of the most fascinating challenges that I have faced in my study of the Armored Cars of the WWI. Any news or suggestions on the subject, will be very welcome.


Coche Blindado Austin M1915 Tipo India, perteneciente a la 12ª Batería Blindada Motorizada.
Frontera del Noroeste de la India. Circa 1915-1916

La 12ª Batería Blindada Motorizada fue formada en Delhi en 1915. Estaba compuesta por tres Coches Blindados Austin M1915 Tipo India, armados con ametralladoras Maxim.

La caña refrigeradora de la ametralladora estaba recubierta con una funda de cuero (otras veces de lona), utilizada para evitar los brillos y reflejos del tubo de bronce expuesto a los rayos solares. El acabado en bronce era característico de los modelos Maxim de finales del siglo XIX y principios del XX. Este tipo de ametralladoras Maxim, fueron asignadas como dotación estandar de las unidades pertenecientes al Ejército de la India. Las versiones más modernas -Vickers- fueron destinadas al ejército regular metropolitano.

Este modelo Austin, nunca antes había sido identificado como tal. Otras fotografías, en las que aparecen dos tipos de coches blindados iguales a éste, junto a tres Coches Blindados Fiat (perfectamente conocidos), me dieron la clave para poder identificarlo/s. Los tres Fiat fueron asignados a la 12ª Batería Blindada Motorizada, que ya poseía, desde su creación, tres Coches Blindados Austin. Evidentemente ambos modelos se sumaron en la mencionada formación. En una de las fotografías, una visión parcial del radiador me confirmó que, su morfología, sin ningún género de dudas, pertenecía a un modelo Austin.

Conseguir identificar, los más de 30 modelos diferentes de coches blindados realizados en la India durante la 1ª G. M., es uno de los retos más fascinante con los que me he enfrentado en mi estudio sobre los Coches Blindados de la 1ª G. M.. Toda noticia o sugerencia sobre el tema, sera muy bienvenida.

Friday, April 15, 2016

Armored cars ceded by the Russians to the Belgian Armored Squadron. Galicia, Austria. Summer 1917

Armored cars transferred by the Russians to the Belgian Armored Squadron in Russia.
(Corps Expeditionnaire des Autos-Canons-Mitrailleuses Belges en Russie)
Galicia, Austria. Spring-Summer of 1917

In the photograph, from left to right:

A Renault-Mgebrov and two Armstrong-Whitworth-Fiat Armored Cars.
In the foreground, a Belgian soldier on a Indian motorcycle.
The two Armstrong carry written, on the sides and back of the vehicles, the inscription with abbreviations in Russian language:

Исп. Ком. С.Р.С. и Кр. Деп.
("Executive Committee of the Union of Workers', Soldiers', Peasants' and Deputies")


 Coches Blindados cedidos por los rusos al Escuadrón Blindado Belga en Rusia.
(Corps Expeditionnaire des Autos-Canons-Mitrailleuses Belges en Russie)
Galicia, Austria. Primaver-Verano de 1917

En la fotografía, de izquierda a derecha:

Un Coche Blindado Renault-Mgebrov y dos Coches Blindados Armstrong-Whitworth-Fiat.
En primer plano, un soldado belga sobre una motocicleta Indian.
Los dos Armstrong llevan escrito, en los laterales y en la parte trasera de los vehículos, la siguiente inscripción en lengua rusa:

Исп. Ком. С.Р.С. и Кр. Деп.
("Comité Ejecutivo de la Unión de Obreros, Soldados, Campesinos y Diputados")

Thursday, April 7, 2016

German Anti-Aircraft Gun belonging to a battery deployed on the Belgian coast. 7,62-cm Ortsfeste Flak L/30, Rheinmetall (russ 02)

German Anti-Aircraft Gun belonging to a battery deployed on the Belgian coast.
7,62-cm Ortsfeste Flak L/30, Rheinmetall (russ 02)

WWI German Anti-Aircraft Gun. Rheinmetall 8,8-cm L/45 Flak. France, Summer 1918.

See the complete photograph at the post:
A German Büssing tractor towing a Rheinmetall AA gun (Flak) 8.8-cm L / 45. France 1918.

Ver la fotografía completa en el post:
Un tractor alemán Büssing remolcando un cañón antiaéreo Rheinmetall de 8,8-cm. L/45. Francia, 1918.

Friday, March 25, 2016

Red Army parade front of Lenin wood mausoleum, the Kremlin, Moscow. Circa 1924

Berliet truck with 120-cm Searchlight

 Lenin Mausoleum wood (completed in August 1924)
Postcard published in 1927 (tenth anniversary of the October Revolution), during the campaign for the eradication of illiteracy.

Mausoleo de madera de Lenin (terminado en agosto de 1924)
Postal editada en 1927 (décimo aniversario de la Revolución de Octubre), con motivo de la campaña para la erradicación del analfabetismo.

Berliet 120-cm Self-Propelled Searchlight of the Russian Army, 1917.

French Motorcyclist, circa 1917. Excelsior Model 16 1000 cc (USA 1916)

Cántonnement motorisé anglais. Versailles, Paris, France. Été de 1914

Cántonnement motorisé anglais. Versailles, Paris, France. Été de 1914

English motorized cantonment (*). Versailles, Paris, France. Summer of 1914

 (*) NOTE - Those readers that are not familiar with the original publications of this time -the Great War-, should note that "English" was the word used to refer to the inhabitants of the United Kingdom, including its troops.

Most of the publications of the belligerent countries on both sides, refer to them as "English" and not as "British".

Likewise, England, and not United Kingdom or Great Britain, was the term used to refer to his homeland.

The same Winston S. Churchill in ' The World Crisis ', refers to his country as England: " The German Government would then have appealed to England to help to localise the struggle... "


Acantonamiento motorizado inglés (*). Versalles, París, Francia. Verano de 1914

(*) NOTA - Aquellos lectores que no estén familiarizados con las publicaciones originales de esta época -la Gran Guerra-, deberán tener en cuenta que el vocablo "inglés" era el más utilizado para referirse a los habitantes del Reino Unido, incluidas sus tropas.

La mayor parte de las publicaciones de los países beligerantes de ambos bandos, hacen referencia a ellos como "ingleses" y no como "británicos".

Asimismo, Inglaterra, y no Reino Unido o Gran Bretaña, era el término utilizado para referirse a su patria.

El mismo Winston S. Churchill en ‘The World Crisis’, se refiere a su país como Inglaterra: "The German Government would then have appealed to England to help to localise the struggle,..."